Food Habits of Gray Reef Shark Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos (Bleeker, 1856)

  • Hestariyani Megawangi Institut Teknologi dan Bisnis Maritim Balik Diwa
  • Nuraeni L. Rapi Institut Teknologi dan Bisnis Maritim Balik Diwa
  • Warda Susaniati Institut Teknologi dan Bisnis Maritim Balik Diwa
Keywords: Food, habits, shark, grey reef

Abstract

Sharks are fish that have a high selling value, so fishermen's interest in catching sharks is also high.The research was carried out from January to November 2021 in the Makassar Strait. Observations were made by dissecting to see the type of food contained in the stomach. The stomach was split open and its contents were removed and then separated according to the type of food, then the type of food was observed directly to identify it. The research results show is the length distribution of long sharks ranges from 49 cm – 251 cm. The relative length of the intestine of 0.7 cm is included in carnivore fish. The highest average value of index of proponderance (%) for sharks was in the tengkek selar food of 52.92%, while the lowest average value of index of proportion was found in the crustacean food of 2.12%. Tetengkek selar is the main food for long sharks, complementary foods are layur fish, squid, crustaceans and fishunidentifiedand additional foodare grouper, anchovies, selar kuning and baronang.The catch of long fish obtained a size structure that varies from small, medium and large. The eating habits of sharks include carnivore fish and eat pelagic and demersal fish.Tetengkek selar is the main food for long sharks, complementary foods are layur fish, squid, crustaceans and fishunidentified.Additional foodare grouper, anchovies, selar kuning and baronang.

Author Biographies

Hestariyani Megawangi, Institut Teknologi dan Bisnis Maritim Balik Diwa

Institut Teknologi dan Bisnis Maritim Balik Diwa, Makassar, Indonesia

Nuraeni L. Rapi, Institut Teknologi dan Bisnis Maritim Balik Diwa

Institut Teknologi dan Bisnis Maritim Balik Diwa, Makassar, Indonesia

Warda Susaniati, Institut Teknologi dan Bisnis Maritim Balik Diwa

Institut Teknologi dan Bisnis Maritim Balik Diwa, Makassar, Indonesia

References

Aditya, Z.F. & Fatih, S.A. 2015.Perlindungan Hukum Terhadap Ikan Hiu dan Ikan Pari untuk Menjaga Keseimbangan Ekosistem Laut Indonesia.Jurnal Legality, 24 (2):224-235.

Amir, F., Mallawa, A. & Tresnati, J. 2020.Size Structure and Sex Ratio of Black Tip Reef Shark (Carcharhinus melanopterus) Landed in the TPI Paotere of Makassar City and TPI Beba of Takalar Regency, Province South Sulawesi. Agrikan: Jurnal Agribisnis Perikanan, 13 (2) : 232-237.

Biswas, S. P. 1993. Manual of methods in fish biology. South Asian Publisher Private Limitide., New Delhi

Bradley, D. , Conklin E. Papastamatiou Y. P. , Mc Cauley D. J., Pollock K. Kendall B. E. Gaines S. D. , Caselle J. E. 2017. Growth and life history variability of the grey reef shark (Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos) across its range. Journal Plos One Volume 12 (2):1–20.

Chodrijah, U. Jatmiko I. & Sentosa A. A. 2017.Parameter Populasi Hiu Kejen (Carcharhinus falciformis) Di Perairan Selatan Nusa Tenggara Barat. Jurnal Bawal Volume 9(3):175–183.

Damora, A. & Yuneni R. R. 2015. Estimasi Pertumbuhan, Mortalitas dan Ekploitasi Hiu Kejen (Carcharinus falciformis) Dengan Basis Pendaratan di Banyuwangi, Jawa Timur. Prosiding Simposium Hiu dan Pari di Indonesia.

Efendi H. P., Dhewi R. T., & Ricky.2018. Keragaman Jenis dan Distribusi Panjang Ikan Hiu di Perairan Selat Makassar Prosiding Simposium Hiu dan Pari di Indonesia.

Fahmi dan Dharmadi.2013a. Pengenalan Jenis- jenis Hiu Indonesia.Direktorat Konservasi Kawasan dan Spesies Ikan.Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan. Jakarta.

Fahmi dan Dharmadi.2013b. Tinjauan Status Perikanan Hiu dan Upaya Konservasinya di Indonesia.Direktorat Konservasi Kawasan dan Spesies Ikan.Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan. Jakarta.

Grant M.I., Smart J.J., White W.T., Chin A., Baje L. & Simpfendorfer C.A. 2018. Life history characteristics of the silky shark Carcharhinus falciformis from the central west Pacific. Journal Marine and Freshwater Research Volume 69(4) : 562–573

Hardiningsih, W., Purwadi, H., &Latifah, E. 2017.Dampak Ketiadaan Pengaturan Kuota Ekspor Hiu Tikus (Alopia Ssp) di Indonesia.Jurnal Ilmu Hukum, 4(3) : 588 – 604.

N’Gouan Koua Clément, Konan Kouadio Justin &Edia OiEdia. 2021. Diet of the Silky Shark Carcharhinus falciformis(Müller & Henle, 1839) in Waters off Côte d’Ivoire (West Africa). Annual Research & Review in Biology36(8): 59-69

Nikolsky, G.V. 1963. The Ecology of Fishes.Academic Press. New York.

Moran Marcos D. C. & Galván-Magaña F. 2020. Diet composition and feeding habits of the pelagic thresher shark Alopias pelagicus in Eastern Central Pacific Ocean, Ecuadorian waters. J Mar Biol Assoc UK. 100(5):837–845

Osmany Hamid Badar, ImranHina & ZohraKashifa. 2022. Diet Composition Of Silky Shark (Carcharhinus falciformis Müller & Henle, 1839): In The Arabian Sea, Off Shore Water Of Pakistan. Int. J. Biol. Biotech., Volume 19(3): 341-347.

Rafi, Khamis Esam Mahmoud, El-Mor, &El-Sayed Mohammad. 2015. Feeding Habits of the Copper Shark, Carcharhinus brachyurus (Günther, 1870) from Ain El-Ghazala Lagoon, Eastern Libya during the Period from February till June 2013. Journal of Life Sciences Volume 9: 347-355.

Rapi, N.L., Mallawa, A., Tresnati, J. & Amir, F. 2020.Growth Pattern, Condition Factor and Sex Ratio of Grey Reef Shark Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos (Bleeker, 1856) in Makassar Strait.In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 564 (1) : 813-820. IOP Publishing.rapi

Rapi, N.L., Mallawa, A., Amir, F., & Tresnati, J. 2021.Growth and Mortality of Grey Reef Shark Carcharhinus amblyrhynchoides in Makassar Strait, Indonesia. AACL Bioflux, 14 (2) : 813-820.

Robbins, W.D., 2006. Abudance, Demography, And Population Structure Od The Grey Reef Shark (Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos) And The White Tip Reef Shark (Triaenodon obesus) (Fam. Carcharnidae). [Tesis].Queensland (AUS): James Cook University

Salim M.G., Putra M.I.H. & Davinto E.R. 2018. . Prosiding Simposium Nasional Hiu Pari Indonesia Ke-2.Hal. 145 – 152.

Sentosa A. A., Fahmi & Chodrijah U..2018. Pola Pertumbuhan dan Faktor Kondisi Hiu Merak Bulu Carcharhinus brevipinna di Perairan Selatan Nusa Tenggara. Jurnal Oseanologi dan Limnologi di Indonesia Volume 3(3): 209-218

Simeon, B.M., Baskoro, M.S. & Gautama, D.A. 2015.Kebiasaan Makan Hiu Kejen (Carcharinus falciformis): Studi Kasus Pendaratan Hiu Di PPP Muncar Jawa Timur (Feeding Habit of Silky Shark (Carcharinus Falciformis): Case Study of Landing Shark in Muncar Coastal Fishing Port East Java). Marine Fisheries: Journal of Marine Fisheries Technology and Management, 6 (2) : 203-209.

Supriatna, A. 2020.Jenis-jenis Ikan Hiu yang Ada di Indonesia [part 1] (online). (https://www.lalaukan.com/2020/06/jenis-jenis-ikan-hiu-yang-ada-di.html#:~:text=Perairan, diakses pada 30 Desember 2022).

Susaniati, W., Mallawa, A. & Amir, F. 2019.Kebiasaan Makan Ikan Cakalang di Perairan Laut Flores Sulawesi Selatan.Jurnal Agrokompleks, 19 (1): 51-57.

Tangke U. 2010. Evaluasi dan Pengembangan Disain Kapal Pole and Line di Pelabuhan Dufa-dufa provinsi Maluku Utara: Jurnal Agribisnis dan Perikanan. 2(1):1-9.

Tangke U. 2010. Perencanaan disain pengelolaan sumberdaya perikanan berbasis sistem informasi manajemen. Agrikan: Jurnal Agribisnis dan Perikanan. 3(1):15–22. DOI: https://doi.org/10.29239/j.agrikan.3.(2):15-22

Tangke U. 2010. Analisis potensi dan tingkat pemanfaatan sumberdaya ikan kuwe (Carangidae sp) di perairan Laut Flores Propinsi Sulawesi Selatan. Agrikan: Jurnal Agribisnis dan Perikanan. 3(2): 31-38. DOI: https://doi.org/10.29239/j.agrikan.

Tangke U. 2010. Ekosistem padang lamun (manfaat, fungsi dan rehabilitasi). Agrikan: Jurnal Agribisnis dan Perikanan. 3(1):1–14. DOI: 10.29239/j.agrikan.4.2.1-14.

Tangke U. 2011. Analisis Kelayakan Usaha Perikanan Tangkap Menggunakan Alat Tangkap Gill Net dan Purse Seine di Kecamatan Leihitu Kabupaten Maluku Tengah Provinsi Maluku. 4(1):1–14.

Tangke, U., Mallawa, A., & Zainuddin, M. 2011. Analisis hubungan karakteristik oseanografi dan hasil tangkapan yellowfin tuna (Thunnus albacares) di perairan Laut Banda. Agrikan: Jurnal Agribisnis Perikanan, 4(2), 1-14. DOI: 29239/j.agrikan.4.2.1-4

Tangke U, Sitkun Deni, M. 2013. Pemetaan daerah penangkapan ikan madidihang (Thunnus albacares) dan ikan cakalang (Katsuwonus pelamis) di Perairan Maluku Utara. Agrikan: Jurnal Agribisnis Perikanan, 6 (Edisi Khusus), 1-17.

Tangke U. 2013. Pengaruh Waktu dan SPL Terhadap Jumlah Hasil Tangkapan Ikan Julung (Hemirhamphus far). Agrikan: Jurnal Agribisnis Perikanan, 6 (2), 1-5.

Tangke, U. 2014. Pemantauan parameter dinamika populasi ikan kembung (Rastrelliger sp) di perairan Pulau Pesisir Pulau Ternate Provinsi Maluku Utara. Agrikan: Jurnal Agribisnis dan Perikanan. 7(2): 8-14. https://doi.org/10.29239/j.agrikan.7.2.8-14.

Tangke, U. 2014. Parameter populasi dan tingkat eksploitasi ikan tongkol (Euthynnus affinis) di perairan Pulau Morotai. Agrikan: Jurnal Agribisnis dan Perikanan. 7(1): 74-81. https://doi.org/10.29239/j.agrikan.7.1.74-81.

Sahidi S. Gusti D. Sapsuha, Ahmad F. Laitupa, UmarTangke. 2015. Hubungan faktor oseanografi dengan hasil tangkapan pelagis besar di perairan Batang Dua, Propinsi Maluku Utara. Agrikan: Jurnal Agribisnis dan Perikanan. 8(2): 53-63. https://doi.org/10.29239/j.agrikan.8.2.53-63.

Tangke U, John Ch Karuwal, Mukti Zainuddin, Achmar Mallawa. 2015. Sebaran Suhu Permukaan Laut dan Klorofil-a Pengaruhnya Terhadap Hasil Tangkapan Yellowfin Tuna (Thunnus albacares) di Perairan Laut Halmahera Bagian Selatan. Jurnal IPTEKS Pemanfaatan Sumberdaya Perikanan, 2 (3) April 2015: 248-260.

Tangke, U.,. 2012. Analisis hubungan faktor oseanografi dengan hasil tangkapan ikan tenggiri (scomberamorus spp) diperairan kec. Leihitu kab. Maluku tengah. Agrikan: Jurnal Agribisnis dan Perikanan. 5 (2): 1-11.

Sangaji M. B, Umar Tangke, Djabaludin Namsa. 2016. Potensi dan tingkat pemanfaatan ikan layang (Decapterus sp) di perairan Pulau Ternate. Agrikan: Jurnal Agribisnis dan Perikanan. 9(2):1–10. https://doi.org/10.29239/j.agrikan.9.2.1-10.

Tangke, U., Karuwal, J. W. C., Mallawa, A., & Zainuddin, M. 2017. Analisis Hubungan Suhu Permukaan Laut, Salinitas, Dan Arus Dengan Hasil Tangkapan Ikan Tuna Di Perairan Bagian Barat Pulau Halmahera. Jurnal IPTEKS Pemanfaatan Sumberdaya Perikanan, 3(5).

Bafagih A, Sahriar Hamzah, Umar Tangke. 2017. Hubungan Antara Suhu Permukaan Laut dan Hasil Tangkapan Ikan Julung di Perairan Pulau Ternate Provinsi Maluku Utara. Prosiding Seminar Nasional KSP2K II, 1 (2) : 23-28.

Tangke U., Deni S., & Aunaka A., 2018a. The Influence of Using Bait Types to the Number and Composition of Fishing Traps Catch in South Ternate Waters. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science. 175(1):12231. DOI: 10.1088/1755-1315/175/1/012231.

Tangke U; Azis Husen; Rugaya Serosero; Raismin Kota; Ruslan Laisouw and Zubair Saing. (2021). Population dynamics analysis of the yellowstrip scad (Selaroides leptolepis, Cuvier 1833) in the waters of Ternate Island. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Biology & Fisheries Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt. www.ejabf.journals.ekb.eg. ISSN 1110-6131, Vol. 25(5): 419-432.

Tangke U; Sitkun Deni, Ruslan Laisouw and Zubair Saing. (2022). Estimation of population parameters and exploitation rate of the yellowfin tuna in West Morotai Island waters, Indonesia. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Biology & Fisheries Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt. www.ejabf.journals.ekb.eg. ISSN 1110-6131, Vol. 26 (2): 107-117.

Tangke U, Ruslan A. Daeng, Azis Husen, Ruslan Laisouw, Muzakir Hi Sultan, Hasnuddin Usman.2023. Stock Study of the Skipjack Tuna (Katsuwonus pelamis, L., 1758) in Ternate Island, North Maluku Province, Indonesia. Egyptian Journal of Aquatic Biology & Fisheries Zoology Department, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt. ISSN 1110 – 6131 Vol. 27(4): 919 – 929 (2023) www.ejabf.journals.ekb.eg

Tangke U, I Sangadji, R Rochmady, S Susiana. 2018a. A population dynamic aspect of Selaroides leptolepis in the coastal waters of South Ternate Island, Indonesia. Journal Aquaculture, Aquarium, Conservation & Legislation (Bioflux SRL). 11(4): 1334-1342.

Tangke, U., Talib, A., & Nurhamidin, F. (2022). Effect of Fortification of Anchovy Flour on Calcium Content, Orgnoleptic Quality and Shelf Life of Canned Tuna Porridge Products. JURNAL AGRIKAN (Agribisnis Perikanan), 15(1), 301-307. https://doi.org/10.52046/agrikan.v15i1.1192.

Tangke U, John W. Ch. Karuwal, Mukti Zainuddin dan Achmar Mallawa 2016. Analisis Parameter Oseanografi Hubungannya Dengan Hasil Tangkapan Ikan Tuna Sirip Kuning Di Perairan Maluku Utara. Junral Amanisal 5 (1), 1-9.

Wetherbee, B.M., Crow, G.L., & Lowe, C.G. 1997. Distribution, Reproduction and Diet of the Gray Reef Shark Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos in Hawaii.Marine Ecology Progress Series, 151 : 181-189.

Zuliani, Z., Z. A. Muchlisin, N. &Nurfadillah. 2016. Kebiasaan makanan dan hubungan panjang berat ikan julung - julung (Dermogenys sp.) di Sungai Alur Hitam Kecamatan Bendahara Kabupaten Aceh Tamiang. Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Kelautan dan Perikanan Unsyiah. Volume 1(1): 12-24
Published
2023-10-31
How to Cite
Megawangi, H., Rapi, N. L., & Susaniati, W. (2023). Food Habits of Gray Reef Shark Carcharhinus amblyrhynchos (Bleeker, 1856). Agrikan Jurnal Agribisnis Perikanan, 16(2), 522-528. https://doi.org/10.52046/agrikan.v16i2.1911