The Potential Use of Crude Glycerin as an Alternative Feed and Its Effect on the Growth of Mutiara Catfish (Clarias gariepinus)

  • Rr. Citra P. Kusuma Anggraini Politeknik Muhammadiyah Magelang
  • Ana Rochvita Politeknik Muhammadiyah Magelang
  • Wisnu Priasiwi Politeknik Muhammadiyah Magelang
  • Dennys Panjaitan Universitas Pertahanan
Keywords: Artificial feed, Crude glycerin, Mutiara catfish, Proximate

Abstract

Mutiara catfish, the second largest food fish in Magelang Regency, faces challenges due to high feed prices. To address this, researchers are exploring the use of crude glycerin biodiesel waste as an alternative feed. This research aims to determine the potential of crude glycerin as an alternative feed for mutiara catfish and its impact on their growth. The study involved selecting feed raw materials, formulation, manufacturing, feeding, observing fish growth, water quality, and proximate testing of test feed. The research used a randomized design with four treatments and three replications. The test feed consisted of P1 25% crude glycerin, P2 50% crude glycerin, P3 75% crude glycerin, and PK, a control in the form of pellets. Feeding was carried out twice a day using the ad satiation method. The study found that the P1 25% crude glycerin feed had the second-best results regarding 19 grams weight gain, 67.85% specific growth rate, 8 cm length growth, and 0.05 feed conversion ratio. The feed also had a 100% survival rate. The water quality was measured, with temperature and pH values ranging between 25-30℃ and 6.98-7.63. The proximate test results showed that the P1 feed had the second-best 12.70% water content, 20.51% ash content, 1.47% fat content, 15.04% protein content, and 50.28% carbohydrate content. The study concluded that the test feed effectively influences fish growth, but further research is needed to optimize feed nutrition.

Author Biographies

Rr. Citra P. Kusuma Anggraini, Politeknik Muhammadiyah Magelang

Program Studi D3 Budidaya Perikanan, Politeknik Muhammadiyah Magelang, Jl Tentara Pelajar No 12A, Tamanagung, Muntilan, Indonesia

Ana Rochvita, Politeknik Muhammadiyah Magelang

Program Studi D3 Budidaya Perikanan, Politeknik Muhammadiyah Magelang, Jl Tentara Pelajar No 12A, Tamanagung, Muntilan, Indonesia

Wisnu Priasiwi, Politeknik Muhammadiyah Magelang

Program Studi D3 Budidaya Perikanan, Politeknik Muhammadiyah Magelang, Jl Tentara Pelajar No 12A, Tamanagung, Muntilan, Indonesia

Dennys Panjaitan, Universitas Pertahanan

Alumni Program Studi Ketahanan Energi, Universitas Pertahanan, Bogor, Indonesia

References

Anggraini, C.P.K.,2022. Pengembangan Fishpreneurship Guna Menumbuhkan Minat Wirausaha Bagi Mahasiswa Politeknik Muhammadiyah Magelang Dalam Menghadapi Pandemi Covid-19. J Agribisnis Perikanan [Internet]. 2022;15(1):91–100. Available from: https://doi.org/10.52046/agrikan.v15i1.948

Asiah N, Syawal H, Yulinda E, Yuliati Y, Elfina S Y., 2021. Produksi benih ikan Lele Mutiara (Clarias Gariepinus Burchell, 1822) melalui pemijahan buatan pada unit pembenihan Ikan Unggul Farm. Unri Conf Ser Community Engagem. 2021;3:133–40.

Aufari MA, Robianto S, Manurung R., 2013. Pemurnian Crude Glycerine Melalui Proses Bleaching Dengan Menggunakan Karbon Aktif. J Tek Kim USU. 2013;2(1):44–8.

BPS Kab Magelang. Kabupaten Magelang Dalam Angka., 2023. TM Press.

Effendi, I., 2004. Pengantar Akuakultur. Jakarta: Swadaya.

Eva, Maryati., 2020. Pengaruh Pemberian Ekstrak Daun Ketapang (Terminalia Catappa) Pada Pakan Ikan Lele Dumbo (Clarias Gariepinus) Yang Terinfeksi Bakteri (Aeromonashydrophila). S1 Thesis, Universitas Mataram.

Fahrizal, A., & Nasir, M., 2018. Pengaruh Penambahan Probiotik Dengan Dosis Berbeda Pada Pakan Terhadap Pertumbuhan Dan Rasio Konversi Pakan (Fcr) Ikan Nila (Oreochromis Niloticus). Median : Jurnal llmu Ilmu Eksakta, l9(1), l69. lhttps://doi.org/10.33506/md.v9i1.310.

Gusrina., 2008. Budidaya Ikan. Vol. 1, Direktorat Pembinaan Sekolah Menengah Kejuruan. 2008. 5–24 p.

Manik RRDS, Arleston J., 2021. Nutrisi dan pakan ikan [Internet]. Angewandte Chemie International Edition, 6(11), 951–952. 2021. 99 p. Available from: www.penerbitwidina.com

Matasina SZ, Tangguda S., 2020. Pertumbuhan Benih Lele Mutiara (Clarias Gariepinus) di PT. Indosco Dwi Jaya (Farm Fish Booster Centre) Sidoarjo, Jawa Timur. J Akuakultur Rawa Indonesia. 2020;8(2):123–8.

Mulqan, M., Afdhal, S., Rahimi, E., & Dewiyanti, I., 2017. Pertumbuhan dan Kelangsungan Hidup Benih Ikan Nila Gesit (Oreochromis lniloticus) Pada Sistem Akuaponik Dengan Jenis Tanaman Yang Berbeda. Jurnal Ilmiah Mahasiswa Kelautan Dan Perikanan Unsyiah, 2(1), 183–193.

Pamungkasih E, Febrianto N., 2021. Analisis Ekonomi Pakan Ikan Lele Berbahan Baku Lokal. Karta Raharja. 2021;3(2):33–46.

PT. PLN (PERSERO). Rencana Usaha Penyediaan Tenaga Listrik (RUPTL) PT PLN (Persero) 2021-2030. Rencana Usaha Penyediaan Tenaga List 2021-2030. 2021;2019–28

Rejeki S, Triyanto., & Murwantoko., 2016. Isolasi dan Identifikasi Aeromonas spp. dari Lele Dumbo (Clarias sp.) Sakit di Kabupaten Ngawi. Jurnal Perikanan Universitas Gadjah Mada 18 (2): 55-60 ISSN: 0853-6384 eISSN: 2502-5066

Santibáñez C, Varnero MT, Bustamante M., 2011. Residual Glycerol From Biodiesel Manufacturing, Waste Or Potential Source Of Bioenergy: A review. Chil J Agric Res. 2011;71(3):469–75

Sebayang EP, Hudaidah S, Santoso L., 2020. Kajian Pemberian Pakan Berbahan Baku Lokal Dengan Kandungan Protein Berbeda Terhadap Pertumbuhan Benih Lele (Clarias sp.). J Aquatropica Asia. 2020;5(2):8–15.

Sinurat AP, Mathius IW, Purwadaria., 2012. Pengolahan Hasil Samping Industri Sawit Sebagai Bahan Pakan. IAARD Press. 2012.

Suryaningrum LH, Mulyasari M, Samsudin R.,2017. Pengaruh Penambahan Gliserol Pada Pakan Terhadap Pertumbuhan Dan Kelangsungan Hidup Ikan Nila (Oreochromis niloticus). Ber Biol. 2017;16(2)
Published
2023-10-23
How to Cite
Anggraini, R. C. P., Rochvita, A., Priasiwi, W., & Panjaitan, D. (2023). The Potential Use of Crude Glycerin as an Alternative Feed and Its Effect on the Growth of Mutiara Catfish (Clarias gariepinus). Agrikan Jurnal Agribisnis Perikanan, 16(2), 157-164. https://doi.org/10.52046/agrikan.v16i2.1763