Improving Students’ Writing through Genre Based Approach at SMP Negeri 7 Kota Ternate

  • Aprilisa R. Taher Universitas Khairun Ternate, Indonesia
  • Silvani Umar Ali Universitas Khairun Ternate, Indonesia
  • Indry Widyasti Anwar Universitas Khairun Ternate, Indonesia
Keywords: Improving writing, recount text, genre-based approach


Abstract: The purpose of this research was to find out whether the teaching of recount text through a genre-based approach can improve students’ ability to write recount text. This research was conducted on students of class VIII-H at SMP Negeri 7 Kota Ternate. This study used quantitative methods in collecting and analyzing data. The number of research samples were 20 students of class VIII H selected through simple random sampling technique. The instrument used in this study were pre-test and post-test to collect data. The researcher analyzed the students’ writing on the pre-test, the first cycle test and the second cycle test. To evaluate students’ results in writing recount text, the researcher used a writing rubric The results showed that the average score of the students on the first test was 53 and the average score on the second cycle test was 73.75, the results of the t-test (12) exceeded the t-value (1.729) at a significant level of 0.05 and degrees of freedom (19) using one tiled test. Therefore, the alternative hypothesis (Hi) is accepted while the null hypothesis (H0) is rejected. It was concluded that there were differences between students who wrote recount text during the pre-test, and after applying the genre-based approach during the post- test.


Anderson, Mark and Kathy Anderson, Text Types in English, New York: Macmillan,1997
Breeze, R., & Sancho Guinda, C. (Eds.) (2017).Essential competencies for English medium university teaching. Cham, Switzerland: Springer.
Feez, S., & Joyce, H. 1998.Text-based Syllabus Design. Sydney: Macquarie University.
Ghaiith, Dr.Ghazi. 2002. Writing. The website assisted language January 1st 2015
Gerot, Linda and Wignell, Peter, Making Sense of Functional Grammar, Sydney: GerdStabler, 1994
Harmer, Jeremy. 2004. How to teach writing. Edinburgh Gate: Pearson Education Limited
Haryanti, H., & Sari, F. (2019). The Use of Genre-Based Approach to Improve Writing Skill in Narrative Text at the Eleventh Grade Students Of SMA Ethika Palembang. English Community Journal, 3(1), 280-288. doi:
Hasan M.K dan Akhand M. M (2010), Approaches to writing in Efl/Esl context, Balancing product and process in writing class at tertiary level’, journal Of Nelta, 15 Pp. 1-2
Kim. J, dan Kim J (2005), Teaching Korean university writing class. Asian EFL
Mustika2016 The implementation of genre based approach to improve the writing skill of the seventh grade students of SMP INSITUT INDONESIA. S1 thesis, Universitas Indonesia.
Nurgiyantoro, Burhan. 2001.Penilaian dan Pengajaran Bahasa dan Sastra.Yogyakarta: BPFE
Nunan, Davis. 1991. Language Teaching Metodology. Hamel Hempstead: Practice Hall
Richards, J. C. (2006). Communicative Language Teaching Today. New York: Cambridge University Press.
Sugiyono. (2013). Metode Penelitian Kuantitatif, Kualitatif dan R&D.Bandung:Alfabeta.CV
Setiadi. A. 2014. Improving Students’ Writing Skill Through The Genre-Based Approach. Yogyakarta: State University of Yogyakarta.
Slamet, S. 2012. Efektifitas Pembelajaran Keterampilan Speaking dengan Pendekatan Genre di Universitas Muhammadiiyah Surakarta. Jurnal Penelitian Vol 24.
How to Cite
Taher, A., Ali, S., & Anwar, I. (2024). Improving Students’ Writing through Genre Based Approach at SMP Negeri 7 Kota Ternate. EDU Journal - English Department of UMMU Journal, 3(2), 34-40. Retrieved from