Modification of Activated Carbon Norit Using Natural Antioxidant for Better Medicine

  • Wahyuni Gamgulu Universitas Nuku
Keywords: Norit Activated Carbon, Modification, Roselle Flower, Green Tea Leaves


Norit is one of drugs that is often used to cure diarrhea diseases due to its role as an adsorbent of viruses and bacteria. Its function can be improved through surface modification, such as antioxidant compounds from plant extracts. Two types of plants (rosella petals and green tea leaves) were extracted by using water solvent at ratio of 10 g/200 mL and 30 g/200 mL. Those extracts were used to modify 5 g of norit. The norit and the modified norit were characterized by FTIR spectrometry, while the extracts were characterized using UV-Vis spectrophotometry. Desorption test of the modifed norit was performed by immersing it in the HCl solition (pH 1). The desorpted antioxidant was analyzed using UV-Vis spectrophotometry. Results of the characterization indicated increasing of -C=O, -OH, C-O, and aromatic C=C aromatic on both norit modifications. UV-Vis spectra of the plant extract showed the maximum wavelength at 283 nm and 271 nm related to functional group of antioxydant. The antioxydant of the green tea modified norit was easily desorped at pH 1 than of rosella modified norit.

Author Biography

Wahyuni Gamgulu, Universitas Nuku

Program Studi Manajemen Hutan, Fakultas Pertanian dan Kehutanan Universitas Nuku, Tidore, Indonesia


Astutiningsih, C, Setyani, W, and Hindratna, H, “Uji Daya Antibakteri Dan Identifikasi Isolat Senyawa Katekin Dari Daun Teh (Camellia sinensisL. var Assamica).,” J Farm Sains Dan Komunitas, vol. Vol. 11 No. 2, pp. 50–57, 2014.

Azizian, S,., Niknam, Z, and Rombi, E, “Adsorption of Pentafluorophenol onto Powdered, Granular, and Cloth Activated Carbons,” J Dispers Sci Technol, vol. 33, no. 6, pp. 846–853, 2012.

Chen, L, Yang, X, Jiao, H, and Zhao, B, “Tea Catechins Protect against Lead-Induced ROS Formation, Mitochondrial Dysfunction, and Calcium Dysregulation in PC12 Cells,” Chem Res Toxicol, vol. 16, pp. 1155–1161, 2003.

Damayanti, R, Hardeli, and Sanjaya, H, “Preparasi Dye Sensitized Solar Cell (Dssc) Menggunakan Ekstrak Antosianin Ubi,” J Sainstek, vol. VI, no. 2, p. 148–157, 2014.

Huang, M. T, Ho, M. T, Wang, Z. Y, Ferraro, T, and Lou, Y. R, “Inhibitory effect of topical application of a green tea polyphenolfraction on tumor initiation and promotion in mouse skin,” Carcinogenesis, vol. 13 no.6, pp. 947–954, 1992.

Jordheim, M, “Isolation, Identification And Properties Of Pyranoanthocyanins And Anthocyanin Forms.,” Dep. Chem. Univ. Bergen, 2007.

Karori, S. M., Wachira, F. N., Wanyoko, J. K., and Ngure, R. M, “Antioxidant capacity of different types of tea products,” Afr. J. Biotechnol., vol. Vol. 6, no. (19), p. 2287–2296, 2017.

Levy, G and Tsuchiya, T, “Effect of activated charcoal on aspirin absorption in man Part I,” Clin Pharmacol Ther, vol. 13, no. 3, p. 317–322, 1972.

M. Priska, N. Peni, L. Carvallo, and Y. D. Ngapa, “Review: Antosianin dan Pemanfaatannya,” J Appl Chem, vol. 6, no. P. 19, 2018.

Qin, C, Chen, Y, and Gao, J, “Manufacture and characterization of activated carbon from marigold straw (Tagetes erecta L) by H3PO4 chemical activation,” Mater Lett, vol. 135, pp. 123–126, 2014.

S. R. Senthilkumar, T. Sivakumar, K. T. Arulmozhi, and N. Mythili, “FT-IR analysis and correlation studies on the antioxidant activity, total phenolics and total flavonoids of Indian commercial teas (Camellia sinensis L.) - A novel approach,” Int Res J Biol. Sci, vol. 6, no. 3, p. 7, 2017.

Sreńscek Nazzal, J, Kamińska, W, Michalkiewicz, B, and Koren, Z. C, “Production, characterization and methane storage potential of KOH-activated carbon from sugarcane molasses, Ind Crops Prod, vol. 47, p. 153–159, 2013.

Suzery, M, Lestari, S, and Cahyono, B., “Penentuan Total Antosianin dari Kelopak Bunga Rosela (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) dengan Metode Maserasi dan Sokhletasi.,” J. Sains Mat., vol. Vol.18(1):1-6, 2010.

Szymczycha-Madeja, A., Welna, M., and Zyrnicki, W., “Multi-element analysis, bioavailability and fractionation of herbal teaproducts.,” J. Braz. Chem. Soc. 245 777–787, 2013.

Tian, D. D, Kellogg, J. J, Shen, D. D, and Paine, M. F, “Identification of Intestinal UDP-Glucuronosyltransferase Inhibitors in Green Tea (Camellia sinensis) Using a Biochemometric Approach: Application to Raloxifene as a Test Drug via In Vitro to In Vivo Extrapolation,” Drug Metab Dispos, p. 552–560, 2018.

Torreggiani, A., Jurasekova, Z., Sanchez-Cortes, S., and Tamba, M., “Spectroscopic and pulse radiolysis studies of the antioxidant properties of (+)catechin: metal chelation and oxidizing radical scavenging.,” J. Raman Spectrosc. 39265–275, 2008.

Zhou,L.X, Sun,N.P., Bucheli,P, Huang,H.T, and Wang,D, “FT-IR methodology for quality control ofarabinogalactan protein (AGP) extracted from green tea(Camellia sinensis).,” J. Agric. FoodChemistry 575121–5128, 2009.
How to Cite
Gamgulu, W. (2023). Modification of Activated Carbon Norit Using Natural Antioxidant for Better Medicine. Agrikan Jurnal Agribisnis Perikanan, 16(2), 458-464.